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This Great Spotted Woodpecker stood out beautifully in the snowy landscape. This species includes more than a dozen subspecies; not surprisingly, this bird belongs to the easternmost, japonicus. Photo by participant Becky Hansen.
These dozing Ural Owls, a high point of the Winter Japan tour, were of the very pale subspecies japonica. Photo by participant Becky Hansen.
Seed feeders afforded us excellent views of the sharply plumaged Varied Tit, an east Asian endemic species with at least four subspecies that show (as the name implies) remarkable variation in plumages. Photo by participant Becky Hansen.