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A close relative of Helmeted Manakin, Araripe Manakin is a critically endangered Brazilian endemic found only in a small area called "chapada do Araripe" (Araripe uplands) in the state of Ceará, where it was discovered in 1996. Fewer than 500 pairs are known. Brazilians call this bird "soldadinho-do-araripe" (little soldier of Araripe), owing to its red cap. Photo by participant Holger Teichmann.
Lear's Macaw, an endangered endemic of northeastern Brazil, was mostly a mystery to science until ornithologist Helmut Sick found breeding populations in the state of Bahia in 1978. About 1000 of these lively parrots remain in the wild, found in red sandstone cliffs that they use for roosting and nesting. They eat primarily licurí palm nuts. Photo by participant Holger Teichmann.
Endemic to eastern Brazil, Pin-tailed Manakin (here a male) is as snazzy as any member of the family Pipridae. Pin-tailed is the only member of its genus, Ilicura. Photo by participant Holger Teichmann.