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This bristly Crescent-chested Puffbird is of the allopatric (isolated) subspecies minor, which has a tiny range in northeastern Brazil. Photo by participant Holger Teichmann.
Another Brazilian endemic with a very limited range is the striking Hooded Visorbearer, found in the campos rupestres, or "rocky fields," an ecoregion of montane savanna in the Atlantic Forest (at 700--2,000m elevations). These hummingbirds feed on nectar of terrestrial bromeliads and cacti. Photo by participant Holger Teichmann.
A close relative of Helmeted Manakin, Araripe Manakin is a critically endangered Brazilian endemic found only in a small area called "chapada do Araripe" (Araripe uplands) in the state of Ceará, where it was discovered in 1996. Fewer than 500 pairs are known. Brazilians call this bird "soldadinho-do-araripe" (little soldier of Araripe), owing to its red cap. Photo by participant Holger Teichmann.